Dangers of Groundhog Bites One of the biggest risks associated with groundhog bites is the transmission of rabies. Groundhogs are known carriers of the virus, which causes flu-like symptoms that progress into delirium, hallucinations, and insomnia. Rabies is fatal if left untreated. Woodchuck bites an also be quite painful and become infected without proper sanitation. Treatment & Prevention If bitten by a groundhog, gently wash and disinfect the bite site. After wrapping the bite, seek medical attention. It's impossible to know for sure whether a woodchuck has rabies just by looking at it. Therefore, it's very important to get vaccinated after any groundhog bite. Furthermore, affected individuals should contact the professional wildlife removal experts at Critter Control to assess the groundhog situation and ensure the pests are removed before additional run-ins occur.