Thanks to their diverse diets, raccoons are able to thrive in a number of different natural environments, and their regular meals depend largely on where they live. They frequently forage for food in their natural habitat, residential areas, and even inside homes and other buildings. In the wild, raccoons eat large prey, like birds and other mammals, but prefer to stick to easier meals where they are available. Some of their favorite foods include nuts, berries, insects, and eggs. When they set up their denning sites near bodies of water, raccoons habitually catch fish, shellfish, reptiles, and amphibians. Raccoons & Garbage Raccoons that invade homes and lawns typically target trash cans and forage for leftovers. The animals are actually notorious for picking through garbage bins and landfills, making messes and earning their status as pests. If food is scarce or homeowners have used tight-fitting lids on trash bins to combat raccoon infestations, the critters may break into homes in search of easy-to-reach pet and human foods. Gardeners also occasionally deal with raccoon problems, as the animals gladly eat corn, fruits, and other vegetables commonly grown in gardens.