What Diseases Can Moles Pass to Humans? Moles feed on insects that kill lawns, though most homeowners consider the burrowing pests more harmful than helpful. In addition to creating unsightly holes, moles can pose health risks. In rare cases, the pests can transmit diseases that affect humans, like rabies. However, the insect parasites that they carry are greater causes for concern. Ticks are hosts for many dangerous diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, anaplasmosis, and tularemia. Other parasitic organisms, like Bartonella and tapeworms, may also pass from fleas or ticks to pets and humans. How Do Moles Transmit Diseases? While moles usually hide deep underground, the shy pests may bite out of confusion or panic when cornered, touched, or trapped, which can transmit rabies to humans. However, mole-borne diseases are more likely to come from the fleas and ticks that hitch rides in their fur. Humans and pets can pick up these parasites by touching moles or walking through tall grasses and leaf piles. Once they find a host, the pests latch onto their skin to feed, passing on illnesses in the process. Prevention Homeowners should avoid touching moles or any animals that have had recent contact with the pests to avoid health hazards. Rely on pest control specialists to safely dispose of mole carcasses or control active infestations. For pets with possible flea or tick problems, a local veterinarian can perform checkups and prescribe the right medication.