Diseases Carried by Foxes One of the diseases most commonly associated with foxes is rabies. People and pets are susceptible to rabies after they are bitten by infected foxes. Rabies symptoms include headaches, fever, discomfort, nausea, and pain or itching at the site of the bite. If rabies transmission is suspected, seek immediate medical attention. Tularemia is another common fox disease. Both live foxes and fox carcasses can be infected with tularemia. This disease is transmitted via direct skin contact and causes fevers, skin ulcers, and swelling. Prevention & Removal To ensure the safety of people and pets, property owners should never approach, touch, or handle wild foxes, dead or alive. Concerned individuals faced with a fox problem should contact the wildlife professionals at Critter Control. Our trained technicians can safely handle removal and prevent the spread of fox diseases.