4.68 The euthanasia of healthy specimens of protected native animals must not be considered as a cheap or convenient alternative to the other preferred options described in previous sections.

Euthanasia of feral or declared pests, or other non-native species

4.69 The euthanasia of feral/non-native animals must be performed:

a) only by a suitably qualified and experienced person;
b) in accordance with the provisions of the American Veterinary Medical Association;
c) only if dependent young are able to be humanely captured and killed, or provision made for their care;
d) in the case of domestic species, only if appropriate investigations have been made to rule out ownership of the animal(s).

4.70 In the case of a domestic animal whose status as feral (rather than owned) is not clearly determined, then the animal should be surrendered to the local government animal control authority.

Emergency euthanasia of sick or injured animals

4.71 If an animal is found to be suffering from injuries or illness likely to cause extreme suffering and/or distress, and a high likelihood of death, a wildlife control operator or other competent person may perform immediate euthanasia if the following conditions are met:

a) the assistance of a veterinarian is not available within an appropriate timeframe given the suffering of the animal, and the time taken to transport the animal to a veterinarian would impose undue further suffering on the animal; and,
b) the chosen method of euthanasia will cause instant or rapid insensibility (loss of consciousness), followed shortly afterwards (and before return of consciousness), by death; and
c) the person proposing to conduct the euthanasia procedure is competent at the procedure; and
d) the carcass is not disposed of until death is confirmed.

4.72 It is recommended that all wildlife control operators are appropriately trained in humane (AVMA approved) methods of euthanasia.

Use of veterinarians and veterinary services or drugs

4.73 Due to the nature of wildlife management, capture and translocation, the use of veterinary drugs and services is occasionally required.

4.74 Reasons for veterinary involvement in wildlife management processes may include: