4.30 Physical examination of an animal should include observation of normal movement, check for injuries, discharges, lumps, asymmetry, breathing pattern, bleeding or any other lesion indicative of injury or significant illness.

4.32 Any animal showing signs of injury or illness, or showing abnormal behavior should be immediately referred to an experienced wildlife veterinarian or approved wildlife rehabilitation facility.

Short-term holding

4.32 Captured animals may be held for short periods of time in burlap bags, transport cages, box traps or any other appropriate container as long as the following criteria are met, and due regard is given for species differences:

a) the animal is protected from extremes of temperature;
b) the animal is protected from accidental trauma by other animals, equipment, machinery and the like;
c) the animal is protected from adverse sensory stimuli such as loud noises;
d) the bag or container provides sufficient airflow to allow normal air exchange and radiation/dispersal of heat;
e) the container, receptacle or bag is protected from direct sunlight, rain, wind or other environmental conditions likely to cause suffering or harm to the animal;
f) the animal is able to hide, or be protected from threatening stimuli (such as providing a hide box, or covering a wire transport cage with a towel or blanket);
g) the animal is checked regularly during its period of confinement;
h) the container, bag or receptacle is clean, hygienic and safe for the animal.

4.33 All mammals and birds held in short term containment for more than 4 hours must be given access to water.

4.34 Mammals and birds held in burlap bags or bags of other material for longer than 2 hours must be transferred to appropriate transport or holding boxes or enclosures containing hide spaces or boxes when appropriate for the species.

4.35 All neonatal or juvenile animals other than completely independent juveniles must be fed and contained in a manner appropriate for their age and species. Supplemental warmth must be provided to any nestling or juvenile unable to adequately thermo-regulate.

4.36 All dependent young unable to be returned to parental care within a reasonable timeframe or unlikely to be accepted back by their parents must be immediately transferred to a licensed wildlife rehabilitation facility.

4.37 The following guidelines should be followed for short to medium term (4-24 hours) containment of adult animals. Maximum times are indicated in hours unless otherwise