4.21 In the interests of “no net loss” of tree cavities, the wildlife control operator should ensure that in instances in which natural tree cavities are destroyed, the replacement of artificial cavities occurs at a rate of 4 artificial replacements per natural cavity destroyed. This replacement should occur irrespective of whether cavities were used by wildlife at the time, or not.

Species Identification

4.22 All species removed or captured for translocation must be properly identified by the wildlife control operator to the species level.

4.23 For correct identification of any specimens that cannot be identified by the wildlife control operator the State Department of Natural Resources should be contacted.

4.24 The State Department of Natural Resources must be notified within 24 hours of capture of any animal unable to be identified.

4.25 Any captured animal must not be disposed of unless its species has been positively identified.

Notification of species of special significance

4.26 Any individual animal captured by a wildlife control operator of a species that is indicated in state and/or Federal lists as species of special significance, threatened or endangered must be retained by the wildlife control operator or retained at an approved wildlife holding facility pending notification by the State Department of Natural resources as to its disposal. Species lists will vary from state to state and possibly by bio-geographic region.

Restraint and holding of captured wildlife

4.27 All animals removed from development sites must be captured, restrained and held in a manner that is unlikely to result in injury, unacceptable distress or suffering. Animal welfare is the primary priority and responsibility of the wildlife control operator.

Capture, restraint and examination

4.28 In general, capture methods that utilize netting, bagging, restraint with a blanket, trapping or (in special circumstances) sedation/anesthesia, are preferable to direct manual restraint.

4.29 As soon as possible after capture, and prior to release, all animals should be examined for signs of injury or illness. Restraint for examination may only require placing an animal into a transport cage for observation, or may require manual restraint using a burlap bag, cloth or blanket.